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Medically reviewed by Fred Krainin, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

Most people know the term Cardiac Catheterization and might know that this assessment procedure involves injecting dye into the coronary arteries and the pumping chamber of the heart in order to visualize blockages and the performance of the heart muscle. Yet, the Cardiac Cath is only one of many tests cardiologists use to pinpoint heart problems before deciding whether to try medication or move on to a surgical procedure. 

Faulty Valves. When the Hearts Plumbing Parts Fail.

Posted on in Heart Health

From an interview with Alan Blaker, M.D., McLeod Cardiology Associates

Stenosis, from the Greek meaning “narrowing.”  Leaking, from the plumbing, meaning “drippy” or “to escape.”

Medically reviewed by Prabal Guha, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

A shortness of breath. Rapid pulse. Light-headedness. Dizziness.

Medically reviewed by Brian Wall, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates


Medically reviewed by Timothy Hagen, DO McLeod Hospital Neurologist

Most people know about a “classic stroke,” one that causes paralysis or speech difficulties. Then, there are the so-called “mini-strokes,” or Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), which may also be warning of a classic stroke.


From an interview with Rajesh Malik, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

Unique Heart Risks for Women

Posted on in Heart Health

Medically Reviewed by Alan Blaker, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

Not only do heart attacks in women exhibit with symptoms different from men, but women are different from men in the way some risk factors affect them.

Treating Potentially Deadly Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Posted on in Heart Health

From an interview with Christopher Cunningham, M.D. McLeod Vascular Associates

Aneurysm is a medical term for a bulge in a blood vessel.

From an interview with David Bjerken, MD McLeod Vascular Associates Seacoast

When a person has kidney problems, they turn to a nephrologist, a specialist in treating diseases of the kidney. Yet, patients with kidney problems often require dialysis and for that the Vascular Specialist plays a key role, as McLeod Vascular Surgeon David Bjerken, MD explains:

From an interview with David Bjerken , MD McLeod Vascular Associates Seacoast

Most people know that with a heart problem you turn to a cardiologist or a cardiothoracic surgeon. When do you need someone like McLeod Vascular Specialist David Bjerken, MD? He offers three key medical situations:

From and interview with Rajesh Malik, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

Stroke prevention takes the form of blood thinners for many people, who are at risk of suffering a serious stroke from blood clots forming in their heart’s left atrial appendage. The thinners prevent blood clots making it to the brain. For a number of reasons, some people cannot or prefer not to use these blood thinners, such as Warfarin. McLeod Electrophysiologist Rajesh Malik, MD is successfully using a new implantable device that helps prevent strokes and eliminates long-term use of blood thinners.

Medically reviewed by Anil Om, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

At first glance, the headline for this article may seem from the Department of “Research on the Obvious.” However, here are some facts that offer more insight to help you eat foods that will keep your heart healthy.

From an interview with Michael Carmichael, MD McLeod Cardiothoracic Surgical Associates

Worn or leaking heart valves do not cause an emergency that a sudden heart attack does.  When you have a leaking heart valve, you will feel a range of symptoms -- increasing fatigue, swollen feet and shortness of breath. 

Medically reviewed by Cary S. Huber, MD McLeod Cardiothoracic Surgical Associates

A temporary fluttering in the chest.  An extra or skipped beat.  This is something that almost everyone has experienced.  It's usually nothing but could be a sign of something more serious.

From an interview with Amit Pande, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

Cardiologists use many successful ways to diagnose heart problems – from treadmill stress tests and ultrasound to cardiac catheterizations and angiograms. Yet, McLeod Cardiologist says they are still in search of a successful way to look inside an artery’s walls without making an incision. Dr. Pande calls this the “holy grail” of cardiology:

From an interview with Carmen Piccolo, DO, RPVI McLeod Vascular Associates

At best, varicose veins are unsightly. At worst, they are signs of bad blood circulation back to the heart. Now, there’s an easy, outpatient procedure using “medical superglue” to close down the bad veins and help redirect blood to healthy veins. McLeod Vascular Specialist Carmen Piccolo explain VenaSeal:

From Live-95/Ken Ard with Brian Wall, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

“About 30% of Americans with high blood pressure don’t even know they have it,” says McLeod Cardiologist Brain Wall, MD. “Just like diabetes, sometimes you don’t know you have it until you actually get checked for it. Some symptoms you could possibly experience include headaches, nosebleeds, lightheadedness, dizziness, flushing sensation or palpitations. All those health issues can be potential signs of high blood pressure.

From a conversation with S. Cary Huber, MD McLeod Cardiothoracic Surgical Associates

Problematic heartbeats caused by electrical misfires can be treated a number of ways – with medication, ablation, as well as with a surgical treatment called MAZE. McLeod Cardiothoracic Surgeon Cary Huber, MD, explains how MAZE is accomplished:

Atrial Fibrillation Overview

Posted on in Heart Health

From an interview with S. Cary Huber, MD McLeod Cardiothoracic Surgical Associates

When your heart beat changes from a normal pattern to one so irregular that it can sound like shoes bouncing around in your dryer, one diagnosis is Atrial Fibrillation. McLeod Cardiothoracic Surgeon Cary Huber, MD, discusses the condition, symptom and possible treatments:

Medically reviewed by Anil Om, MD McLeod Cardiology Associates

Women are twice as likely as men to die from a severe heart attack, according to a Yale University study (April 2016). This difference between heart attack survival in men and women exists worldwide.

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