Preventing Injuries in the Overhead Throwing Athlete The act of throwing a baseball is an extremely fast and violent maneuver for the shoulder. It places incredible stress on the joint, unlike stress from other movements or motions on other joints. For each pitch, the thrower must generate high levels of energy in the lower body and trunk to accelerate the ball to top velocity. The muscles and capsular structures of the shoulder must then dissipate this force after ball release and during arm deceleration. To maximize the force generated, the throwing shoulder must strike a balance between adequate laxity (to achieve maximal external rotation during cocking phase) and sufficient stability. (To stop the shoulder from “popping” out of socket during ball release and deceleration phase) The forces generated, and the speed with which this motion occurs, place the stabilizing structures of the throwing shoulder at risk for injury.
HOW CAN OVERUSE BASEBALL INJURIES BE PREVENTED?
Overuse injuries — especially those related to the elbow and shoulder — are preventable.
Some tips to keep you in the game include:
Source: From work by James R. Andrews, MD, and Glenn S. Fleisig, PhD
For more information, go to the stop sports injuries website:
The information presented is offered only as something to consider in your quest for health and well-being. Always consult your healthcare provider before making any lifestyle changes.