Medically reviewed by Dr. Rajesh Bajaj
“How bad is it?” After the doctor says “cancer,” a patient’s mind is flooded with a thousand questions. For most patients – “How bad is it?” – is the most urgent question. “Over the years, a number of different methods have been used to determine the answer to this question,” says McLeod Oncologist Dr. Rajesh Bajaj. “Today, most cancer specialists use the TNM system to determine the stage of the cancer. The TNM system helps the specialists determine the type of treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy) and predict the chances of recovery or recurrence.” At its simplest “T” stands for tumor, “N” stands for lymph nodes and “M” stands for metastasis (cancer that has spread to another part of the body).